Wuhan Sports University's origins can be traced back to Zhongnan Institute of Physical Education, in Nanchang City, Jiang Xi Province. The Zhongnan Institute was formed in 1953. Shortly after, in 1955, the institute moved to its present site in Wuhan, Hubei Province, and changed its name to Wuhan Institute of Physical Education in February of 1956. WSU was formerly administered by the National General Administration of Sports and,now it is under the aegis of both the National General Administration of Sports and the Hubei Provincial Government.

WSU covers an area of more than 90 hectares. Its many sports facilities, such as, the Asian Boating Training Center, Sports Training and Testing Center, internet facility and others ,which serve the varied needs of competitive sports. At WSU, there are all kinds of indoors and outdoors sports buildings, class-- rooms buildings, and advanced research facilities. Furthermore, books in the library are up to more than 970,000 volumes.

Among WSU’s faculty, there are a number of experts and trainers who are well known in China and abroad. Altogether, WSU has a staff of 812, of which over 500 are professional teachers and coaches. And, of these, over 60 are professors, researchers and national coaches; 165 are associate professors; 3 posts are for Chutian Scholar visiting professors; 10 are Hubei Outstanding Contributions Experts; 10 experts get the subsidy of the State Council and provincial government.

WSU is organized into thirteen schools. Included are the academic schools: School of Physical Education, School of Sports Training, School of Chinese Martial Arts, School of Sports Art, School of Sports Economics & Management, School of Health Science , School of Journalism and Communication, School of Sports Engineering & Information Technology, School of International Education, Graduate School, School of Competitive Sports, and School of Continuing Education and Preparatory School

WSU has twentyfour undergraduate programs and twelve graduate programs in physical education and related fields. Currently,WSU recruits international students. In January of 2006, with the approval of Degree Committee of the State Council, our university became the Conferring Unit of Doctor's Degree which formally gave the qualification of recruiting doctor graduate student. At present, WSU has about 12,000 full-time students, including 1,034 postgraduates. There are an additional 3,500 adults enrolled in WSU's continuing education programs.

WSU has undertaken many research projects under the sponsorship of the National Natural Science Fundation and National Social Science Fundation and has also undertaken key, provincial, research projects. WSU has received a number of science and technology achievement awards and the national invention patents. In December 2001, the National General Administration of Sports gave WSU the designation of “Key Research Base For Sports Social Science.” In July 2003, Hubei Education Department gave the institute the designation of “Hubei Province Sports Industry Research Center.”

WSU excels in competitive sports, such as boating, gymnastics and martial arts. It also produced many outstanding athletes like Olympic gymnastics champion Yangwei, Chengfei have brought glory to China in international competitions. Students won 326 gold medals, 236 silver medals, 269 bronze medals in international and domestic matches such as the Olympic Games, Asian Games, and National Games. WSU is recipient “Award for Contributions to Success in Sports” issued by the National General Administration of Sports, and has been designated as “National, Elite Athletes’ Training Base for Boating” and the “National Training Base for Chinese Martial Arts for Young Athletes.”

International academic exchange is another area to which the institute has attached great importance. So far, WSU have established relationship on exchange and cooperation with more than 20 universities and institutions in United States, UK, Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Ukraine, Japan, Vietnam, as well as Taiwan and Hong Kong in China. Domestically, WSU cooperates with more than 30 provinces and cities, as well as with several physical education associations in China.